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The effects of hazardous working conditions on burnout in Macau nurses

Hu, Sydney X; Luk, Andrew L; Smith, Graeme D


Sydney X Hu

Andrew L Luk

Graeme D Smith



To examine the effects of various hazardous factors in working environments on burnout in a cohort of clinical nurses in Macau.


A cross–sectional survey was used to examine specific workplace hazards for burnout in qualified nurses (n = 424) in Macau. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to analyze relationships between specific hazards and manifestations of burnout.


In the final model, workplace hazards accounted for 73% of the variance of burnout with a standardized regression weight of 0.85. The measures of the model fit were acceptable. Bodily hazards, threats of violence, and physical environmental hazards were found to significantly contribute to two major determinants of burnout, emotional exhaustion and depersonalization.


Workplace environmental hazards increased the risk of burnout amongst clinical nurses in Macau. Better management of these factors may help to protect nursing staff and reduce the risk of burnout and attrition from the nursing profession

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2015-03
Deposit Date Mar 11, 2015
Publicly Available Date Mar 31, 2015
Print ISSN 2352-0132
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2
Issue 1
Pages 86-92
Keywords Nurses; Hazardous work environments; Burnout;
Public URL
Contract Date Mar 11, 2015


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