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The families and friends of heavy drinkers: Caught in the cross-fire of policy change?

O'May, Fiona; Whittaker, Anne; Black, Heather; Gill, Jan S

Authors

Fiona O'May

Anne Whittaker

Heather Black

Jan S Gill



Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:

Research highlights the need to better understand the impact of alcohol-related harm on families and communities. Scottish policy initiatives to reduce alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm include the planned introduction of a minimum unit price for alcohol. We aimed to explore existing and proposed changes in alcohol policy, from the standpoint of heavy drinkers, through accounts of their involvement and repercussions for family and friends.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

Interviews were conducted with 20 heavy drinkers, recruited from hospital alcohol treatment centres in Scotland's two largest cities. Participants were part of a larger longitudinal mixed methods study. Interviews explored experiences of alcohol-related harm and the impact, or potential impact, of alcohol policy changes on drinking patterns, risk-taking, consumption and wellbeing. Data coded for 'family and friends' were thematically analysed using a constant comparison method.

RESULTS:

Family and friends were portrayed as important for aiding moderation and abstinence, but more often for sustaining continued heavy drinking. Heavy drinkers with complex needs and those living in deprived communities suggested that increased alcohol prices could exacerbate the detrimental effect on their health and social circumstances, and that of their family, should their consumption remain excessive.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS:

Population level policy initiatives to reduce alcohol consumption, such as minimum unit pricing, will impact on the families and social networks of heavy drinkers in addition to the drinker. The most vulnerable may be affected disproportionately. Alcohol policy changes and evaluations need to consider consequences for drinkers, families and communities. [O'May F, Whittaker A, Black H, Gill J. The families and friends of heavy drinkers: Caught in the cross-fire of policy change?

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 5, 2016
Online Publication Date Apr 13, 2016
Publication Date Mar 22, 2017
Deposit Date Jun 9, 2016
Publicly Available Date Apr 14, 2017
Journal Drug and Alcohol Review
Print ISSN 0959-5236
Electronic ISSN 1465-3362
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 36
Issue 2
Pages 192-199
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/dar.12403
Keywords alcohol; family; policy; qualitative method; substance-related disorders;
Public URL http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/id/eprint/10353
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12403
Contract Date Jun 9, 2016

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Copyright Statement
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: O'May, F., Whittaker, A., Black, H., and Gill, J. (2017) The families and friends of heavy drinkers: Caught in the cross-fire of policy change?. Drug and Alcohol Review, 36: 192–199. doi: 10.1111/dar.12403, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12403. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.






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