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Experimental challenge of pregnant cattle with the putative abortifacient Waddlia chondrophila (2016)
Journal Article
Wheelhouse, N., Flockhart, A., Aitchison, K., Livingstone, M., Finlayson, J., Flachon, V., …Longbottom, D. (2016). Experimental challenge of pregnant cattle with the putative abortifacient Waddlia chondrophila. Scientific Reports, 6, 37150. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep37150

Waddlia chondrophila is a Gram-negative intracellular bacterial organism that is related to classical chlamydial species and has been implicated as a cause of abortion in cattle. Despite an increasing number of observational studies linking W. chondr... Read More about Experimental challenge of pregnant cattle with the putative abortifacient Waddlia chondrophila.

The Expression of PHOSPHO1, nSMase2 and TNAP is Coordinately Regulated by Continuous PTH Exposure in Mineralising Osteoblast Cultures (2016)
Journal Article
Houston, D. A., Myers, K., MacRae, V. E., Staines, K. A., & Farquharson, C. (2016). The Expression of PHOSPHO1, nSMase2 and TNAP is Coordinately Regulated by Continuous PTH Exposure in Mineralising Osteoblast Cultures. Calcified Tissue International, 99(5), 510-524. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00223-016-0176-9

Sustained exposure to high levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH), as observed in hyperparathyroidism, are catabolic to bone. The increase in the RANKL/OPG ratio in response to continuous PTH, resulting in increased osteoclastogenesis is well establishe... Read More about The Expression of PHOSPHO1, nSMase2 and TNAP is Coordinately Regulated by Continuous PTH Exposure in Mineralising Osteoblast Cultures.

Expression of Sulf1 and Sulf2 in cartilage, bone and endochondral fracture healing (2015)
Journal Article
Zaman, G., Farquharson, C., Staines, K. A., Newton, P. T., Dudhia, J., Chenu, C., …Dhoot, G. K. (2016). Expression of Sulf1 and Sulf2 in cartilage, bone and endochondral fracture healing. Histochemistry and Cell Biology, 145(1), 67-79. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00418-015-1365-8

SULF1/SULF2 enzymes regulate cell signalling that impacts the growth and differentiation of many tissues. To determine their possible role in cartilage and bone growth or repair, their expression was examined during development and bone fracture heal... Read More about Expression of Sulf1 and Sulf2 in cartilage, bone and endochondral fracture healing.

Identification of novel regulators of osteoblast matrix mineralization by time series transcriptional profiling (2013)
Journal Article
Staines, K. A., Zhu, D., Farquharson, C., & MacRae, V. E. (2014). Identification of novel regulators of osteoblast matrix mineralization by time series transcriptional profiling. Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism, 32(3), 240-251. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00774-013-0493-2

Bone mineralization is a carefully orchestrated process, regulated by a number of promoters and inhibitors that function to ensure effective hydroxyapatite formation. Here we sought to identify new regulators of this process through a time series mic... Read More about Identification of novel regulators of osteoblast matrix mineralization by time series transcriptional profiling.

MEPE is a novel regulator of growth plate cartilage mineralization (2012)
Journal Article
Staines, K. A., Mackenzie, N. C. W., Clarkin, C. E., Zelenchuk, L., Rowe, P. S., MacRae, V. E., & Farquharson, C. (2012). MEPE is a novel regulator of growth plate cartilage mineralization. Bone, 51(3), 418-430. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2012.06.022

Matrix extracellular phosphoglycoprotein (MEPE) belongs to the SIBLING protein family which play key roles in biomineralization. Although the growth plates of MEPE-overexpressing mice display severe morphological disruption, the expression and functi... Read More about MEPE is a novel regulator of growth plate cartilage mineralization.

A Novel p53 Phosphorylation Site within the MDM2 Ubiquitination Signal: II. A MODEL IN WHICH PHOSPHORYLATION AT SER269 INDUCES A MUTANT CONFORMATION TO p53. (2010)
Journal Article
Fraser, J. A., Madhumalar, A., Blackburn, E., Bramham, J., Walkinshaw, M. D., Verma, C., & Hupp, T. R. (2010). A Novel p53 Phosphorylation Site within the MDM2 Ubiquitination Signal: II. A MODEL IN WHICH PHOSPHORYLATION AT SER269 INDUCES A MUTANT CONFORMATION TO p53. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 285, 37773-37786. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M110.143107

The p53 DNA-binding domain harbors a conformationally flexible multiprotein binding site that regulates p53 ubiquitination. A novel phosphorylation site exists within this region at Ser269, whose phosphomimetic mutation inactivates p53. The phosphomi... Read More about A Novel p53 Phosphorylation Site within the MDM2 Ubiquitination Signal: II. A MODEL IN WHICH PHOSPHORYLATION AT SER269 INDUCES A MUTANT CONFORMATION TO p53..

A Novel p53 Phosphorylation Site within the MDM2 Ubiquitination Signal: I. PHOSPHORYLATION AT SER269 IN VIVO IS LINKED TO INACTIVATION OF p53 FUNCTION. (2010)
Journal Article
Fraser, J. A., Vojtesek, B., & Hupp, T. R. (2010). A Novel p53 Phosphorylation Site within the MDM2 Ubiquitination Signal: I. PHOSPHORYLATION AT SER269 IN VIVO IS LINKED TO INACTIVATION OF p53 FUNCTION. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 285, 37762-37772. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M110.143099

p53 is a thermodynamically unstable protein containing a conformationally flexible multiprotein docking site within the DNA-binding domain. A combinatorial peptide chip used to identify the novel kinase consensus site RXSΦ(K/D) led to the discovery o... Read More about A Novel p53 Phosphorylation Site within the MDM2 Ubiquitination Signal: I. PHOSPHORYLATION AT SER269 IN VIVO IS LINKED TO INACTIVATION OF p53 FUNCTION..

Regulation and Function of the Original p53- Inducible p21 Gene (2010)
Book Chapter
Fraser, J. A. (2010). Regulation and Function of the Original p53- Inducible p21 Gene. In p53; Molecular Biology Intelligence Unit, 100-116. Springer Science + Business Media. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-8231-5_7

P21 is a well known regulator of cell cycle progression through its inhibitory actions on Cyclin dependent kinases, (Cdk)/cyclin complexes, and DNA replication via its binding to proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). p21 also has a role in many... Read More about Regulation and Function of the Original p53- Inducible p21 Gene.

A Central Role for CK1 in Catalyzing Phosphorylation of the p53 Transactivation Domain at Serine 20 after HHV-6B Viral Infection (2008)
Journal Article
MacLaine, N. J., Øster, B., Bundgaard, B., Fraser, J. A., Buckner, C., Lazo, P. A., …Hupp, T. R. (2008). A Central Role for CK1 in Catalyzing Phosphorylation of the p53 Transactivation Domain at Serine 20 after HHV-6B Viral Infection. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 283, 28563-28573. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M804433200

The tumor suppressor protein p53 is activated by distinct cellular stresses including radiation, hypoxia, type I interferon, and DNA/RNA virus infection. The transactivation domain of p53 contains a phosphorylation site at Ser20 whose modification st... Read More about A Central Role for CK1 in Catalyzing Phosphorylation of the p53 Transactivation Domain at Serine 20 after HHV-6B Viral Infection.

ATP stimulates MDM2-mediated inhibition of the DNA-binding function of E2F1: ATP stimulated inhibition of E2F1 by MDM2 (2008)
Journal Article
Stevens, C., Pettersson, S., Wawrzynow, B., Wallace, M., Ball, K., Zylicz, A., & Hupp, T. R. (2008). ATP stimulates MDM2-mediated inhibition of the DNA-binding function of E2F1: ATP stimulated inhibition of E2F1 by MDM2. FEBS Journal, 275(19), 4875-4886. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-4658.2008.06627.x

Murine double minute 2 (MDM2) protein exhibits many diverse biochemical functions on the tumour suppressor protein p53, including transcriptional suppression and E3 ubiquitin ligase activity. However, more recent data have shown that MDM2 can exhibit... Read More about ATP stimulates MDM2-mediated inhibition of the DNA-binding function of E2F1: ATP stimulated inhibition of E2F1 by MDM2.

Effects of maternal undernutrition during early pregnancy on apoptosis regulators in the ovine fetal ovary. (2006)
Journal Article
Lea, R. G., Andrade, L. P., Rae, M. T., Hannah, L. T., Kyle, C. E., Murray, J. F., …Miller, D. W. (2006). Effects of maternal undernutrition during early pregnancy on apoptosis regulators in the ovine fetal ovary. Reproduction, 131, 113-124. https://doi.org/10.1530/rep.1.00844

This study aimed to determine whether reduced fetal ovary folliculogenesis in ewes undernourished during early/midpregnancy is associated with altered ovarian cell proliferation and/or the expression of apoptosis-regulating genes. Groups of ewes (n =... Read More about Effects of maternal undernutrition during early pregnancy on apoptosis regulators in the ovine fetal ovary..

Mutations in the waaR Gene of Escherichia coli Which Disrupt Lipopolysaccharide Outer Core Biosynthesis Affect Cell Surface Retention of Group 2 Capsular Polysaccharides. (2006)
Journal Article
Taylor, C. M., Goldrick, M., Lord, L., & Roberts, I. S. (2006). Mutations in the waaR Gene of Escherichia coli Which Disrupt Lipopolysaccharide Outer Core Biosynthesis Affect Cell Surface Retention of Group 2 Capsular Polysaccharides. Journal of Bacteriology, 188(3), 1165-1168. https://doi.org/10.1128/JB.188.3.1165-1168.2006

On the basis of increased resistance to K5 capsule-specific bacteriophage, a waaR transposon mutant defective in the biosynthesis of lipopolysaccharide outer core was isolated. In a K1-expressing strain the mutation equally affected sensitivity to K1... Read More about Mutations in the waaR Gene of Escherichia coli Which Disrupt Lipopolysaccharide Outer Core Biosynthesis Affect Cell Surface Retention of Group 2 Capsular Polysaccharides..

Oral streptogramins in the management of patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections. (2003)
Journal Article
Dancer, S. J., Robb, A., Crawford, A., & Morrison, D. (2003). Oral streptogramins in the management of patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 51, 731-735. https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkg143

Objectives: Chronic methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections in debilitated patients are difficult to treat. We studied the clinical efficacy and safety of an oral streptogramin, pristinamycin, for these patients. Patients an... Read More about Oral streptogramins in the management of patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections..

Chk2 activates E2F-1 in response to DNA damage (2003)
Journal Article
Stevens, C., Smith, L., & La Thangue, N. B. (2003). Chk2 activates E2F-1 in response to DNA damage. Nature Cell Biology, 5(5), 401-409. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncb974

The E2F-1 transcription factor is regulated during cell cycle progression and induced by cellular stress, such as DNA damage. We report that checkpoint kinase 2 (Chk2) regulates E2F-1 activity in response to the DNA-damaging agent etoposide. A Chk2 c... Read More about Chk2 activates E2F-1 in response to DNA damage.

Listeria monocytogenes relA and hpt Mutants Are Impaired in Surface-Attached Growth and Virulence (2002)
Journal Article
Taylor, C. M., Beresford, M., Epton, H. A. S., Sigee, D. C., Shama, G., Andrew, P. W., & Roberts, I. S. (2002). Listeria monocytogenes relA and hpt Mutants Are Impaired in Surface-Attached Growth and Virulence. Journal of Bacteriology, 184(3), 621-628. https://doi.org/10.1128/JB.184.3.621-628.2002

We describe here the identification and characterization of two Listeria monocytogenes (Tn917-LTV3) relA and hpt transposon insertion mutants that were impaired in growth after attachment to a model surface. Both mutants were unable to accumulate (p)... Read More about Listeria monocytogenes relA and hpt Mutants Are Impaired in Surface-Attached Growth and Virulence.

Pentachlorophenol transformation in soil: a toxicological assessment (2000)
Journal Article
McGrath, R., & Singleton, I. (2000). Pentachlorophenol transformation in soil: a toxicological assessment. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 32(8-9), 1311-1314. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0038-0717%2800%2900015-8

Bioremediation is recognised as an economically viable method to treat contaminated soil and the use of microbial inoculants, in particular, white-rot fungi, has been proposed to enhance the remediation process. During bioremediation, a variety of po... Read More about Pentachlorophenol transformation in soil: a toxicological assessment.

The ‘Chicken and Egg’ Problem of Co-evolution of Peptides and Their Cognate Receptors: Which Came First? (1999)
Book Chapter
Darlison, M. G., & Richter, D. (1999). The ‘Chicken and Egg’ Problem of Co-evolution of Peptides and Their Cognate Receptors: Which Came First?. In D. Richter (Ed.), Regulatory Peptides and Cognate Receptors (1-11). Berlin: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-49421-8_1

As will be evident from the other chapters in this Volume, small peptide molecules regulate a wide variety of biological processes in both vertebrate and invertebrate species. For each bioactive peptide there exists one or more specific membrane-boun... Read More about The ‘Chicken and Egg’ Problem of Co-evolution of Peptides and Their Cognate Receptors: Which Came First?.

Expression of the GABAA receptor gamma4-subunit gene: anatomical distribution of the corresponding mRNA in the domestic chick forebrain and the effect of imprinting training (1998)
Journal Article
Harvey, R. J., McCabe, B. J., Solomonia, R. O., Horn, G., & Darlison, M. G. (1998). Expression of the GABAA receptor gamma4-subunit gene: anatomical distribution of the corresponding mRNA in the domestic chick forebrain and the effect of imprinting training. The European journal of neuroscience, 10(9), 3024-3028. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1460-9568.1998.00354.x

The learning process of imprinting involves morphological, electrophysiological and biochemical changes in a region of the chick (Gallus gallus domesticus) forebrain known as the intermediate and medial part of the hyperstriatum ventrale (IMHV). The... Read More about Expression of the GABAA receptor gamma4-subunit gene: anatomical distribution of the corresponding mRNA in the domestic chick forebrain and the effect of imprinting training.

In Situ Hybridization and Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction Studies on the Expression of the GABAc Receptor ρ1- and ρ2-subunit Genes in Avian and Rat Brain (1997)
Journal Article
Albrecht, B. E., Breitenbach, U., Stühmer, T., Harvey, R. J., & Darlison, M. G. (1997). In Situ Hybridization and Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction Studies on the Expression of the GABAc Receptor ρ1- and ρ2-subunit Genes in Avian and Rat Brain. European Journal of Neuroscience, 9(11), 2414-2422. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.1997.tb01658.x

The pharmacological properties of homo-oligomeric channels formed by the GABA type A receptor-like ρl and ρ2 polypeptides are very reminiscent of those of the GABA type C receptors that have been extensively characterized in the retina. Similar recep... Read More about In Situ Hybridization and Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction Studies on the Expression of the GABAc Receptor ρ1- and ρ2-subunit Genes in Avian and Rat Brain.

Opioid receptors from a lower vertebrate (Catostomus commersoni): Sequence, pharmacology, coupling to a G-protein-gated inward-rectifying potassium channel (GIRK1), and evolution (1997)
Journal Article
Darlison, M. G., Greten, F. R., Harvey, R. J., Kreienkamp, H., Stühmer, T., Zwiers, H., …Richter, D. (1997). Opioid receptors from a lower vertebrate (Catostomus commersoni): Sequence, pharmacology, coupling to a G-protein-gated inward-rectifying potassium channel (GIRK1), and evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 94(15), 8214-8219

The molecular evolution of the opioid receptor family has been studied by isolating cDNAs that encode six distinct opioid receptor-like proteins from a lower vertebrate, the teleost fish Catostomus commersoni. One of these, which has been obtained in... Read More about Opioid receptors from a lower vertebrate (Catostomus commersoni): Sequence, pharmacology, coupling to a G-protein-gated inward-rectifying potassium channel (GIRK1), and evolution.